What Causes an Enlarged Uterus?
- Created: February 15, 2019
- by: Admin
First and obvious answer? Pregnancy. The uterus is an elastic muscular organ, capable of expanding
from the size of your fist to the size of a watermelon. The ability to stretch so much, so easily, is
necessary to accommodate a growing baby (or several babies). But it can also accommodate the
growth of some very big tumors. Is your abdomen swelling? If you’re not pregnant and haven’t
changed eating habits, talk to a doctor.
Common Reasons for Uterus Enlargement
The most likely culprits will be uterine fibroids and/or adenomyosis.
Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that grow in the wall of the uterus. No one knows why,
but it’s generally accepted that estrogen plays a part. Fibroids start as a small collection of cells,
that can grow suddenly and rapidly. ‘Growth spurts’ tend to be during pregnancy and
the years just before menopause. You may have one fibroid that’s getting big. Or several
fibroids pushing out your abdomen. A simple imaging study, like an ultrasound or an MRI, will
Adenomyosis is a thickening of the uterus. It occurs when the uterine lining, normally shed during
menstruation, instead attaches itself to the uterine wall and grows into the muscles of the uterus.
As layers of tissue build up, the uterus expands. The cause of adenomyosis is unknown, but like
fibroids, the condition is associated with estrogen increases.
Neither fibroids nor adenoymosis are cancerous. Both conditions are treatable and you have options
that don’t involve surgery.
A less common, but more serious possibility? Cancer of the uterus, endometrium or cervix can all
produce tumors. Depending on size and location, a growing tumor may enlarge your uterus. As with all
cancers, early detection is crucial.
Symptoms to Watch for
An enlarged uterus often triggers changes you’ll notice long before your belly starts expanding.
-Excessive or prolonged vaginal bleeding
-Fullness/discomfort in the lower abdomen
These could be signs of an enlarged uterus. Don’t ignore them.adenomyosis cancer causes enlarged uterus growth symptoms