dp Enlarged Uterus | Causes & Symptoms of Enlarged Uterus

Enlarged Uterus Symptoms

Fibroids and Enlarged Uterus.

The uterus, or womb, can expand from the size of a fist to the size of a watermelon. Nature makes it flexible to hold a growing baby. But an enlarged uterus can also occur when a woman has fibroids.

What Are Fibroids?

While fibroids are not cancer, they are a kind of tumor. They are benign (noncancerous) growths capable of becoming very large. Sometimes, very quickly. Untreated, a uterine fibroid may grow to the size of a full-term baby. Commonly, multiple fibroids create a mass that expands the uterus, just like a pregnancy. This symptom of uterine fibroid not only impacts your figure but your mobility, fertility, and overall health.

Fibroids most often affect women over the age of 30, and their development has been linked to fluctuations in estrogen. High or spiking estrogen levels seem to trigger fibroids. But their growth depends on having a reliable blood supply. More blood means more growth. The larger it becomes, the more it pushes out the uterine wall. Unchecked, fibroids can fill, then expand your womb.

Effects of Fibroids on Fertility

When so enlarged, fibroids may affect your fertility. How much uterine space is left for a baby to grow if the womb is already occupied? How can an embryo implant if uterine walls are stretched to accommodate other masses? Conception and pregnancy will be difficult. Not impossible. But very challenging. Treatments

Both surgical and non-surgical options are available to treat fibroids.

What Are the Symptoms of an Enlarged Uterus?

The symptoms of an enlarged uterus can vary based on the condition. Sometimes women do not experience any symptoms, and an enlarged uterus is only detected by a doctor’s examination. However, some or all of these symptoms may be present:

Weight Gain: Sign of Enlarged Uterus

Lower Abdominal Pain

Pain in the lower abdomen may indicate an enlarged uterus, but it could also be due to many other conditions.


Because an enlarged uterus may press on the bowels, bloating and excess gas can occur.

Unexplained Weight Gain

Sudden weight gain often occurs when there are hormonal changes in the body. If the uterus is enlarged, women may have unexplained weight gain in the waist area.


Due to pressure on the bowels, some women experience constipation when they have an enlarged uterus, although some experience diarrhea instead.


An enlarged uterus can cause or increase the frequency of headaches and migraines.


In addition to abdominal pain, an enlarged uterus can cause pain in the legs, pelvic area, and back. Intercourse may also become painful.

Problems With Menstruation

You may experience heavy bleeding, irregular periods, spotting, and menstrual blood clotting. Because of the heavy bleeding, anemia can be a symptom of an enlarged uterus as well, causing fatigue.

Frequent Urination

Pressure on the bladder from an enlarged uterus can cause frequent urination or incontinence issues.

Pregnancy or Conception Problems

An enlarged uterus can cause complications in women who are already pregnant, or who are trying to conceive. It can lead to premature labor and miscarriage. For those trying to conceive, it can hamper fertility.

What Are the Causes of an Enlarged Uterus?

Several different conditions can cause an enlarged uterus. Some are benign, but can still require medical attention. The following are some of the most common causes.

Uterine Fibroids

Uterine fibroids are the most common cause of an enlarged uterus, with as many as 75% of women developing them in their lifetimes. The size determines the severity of the symptoms that accompany them. Some women are more likely to get fibroids. At-risk groups include women over 50, overweight or obese women, and African-American women. Genetic and hormonal components also play a part.


Adenomyosis occurs when the tissue that lines the uterus starts to grow into its muscular wall. The cause isn’t known, but it does usually occur in women over 30 who have had children. It is also more common in women who have previously had uterine surgery, including C-sections. This condition can cause prolonged, heavy periods that get progressively more painful. It doesn’t usually require treatment other than pain medication.

Ovarian Cysts Cause Enlarged Uterus

Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs within or on the surface of the ovary. Usually, ovarian cysts are harmless and cause little or no pain. Many ovarian cysts go away without treatment within a few months. However, sometimes they do become dangerous, causing severe pain – especially if they rupture.

Uterine Cancer

Uterine cancer can cause the uterus to become enlarged. Obviously, this is a very serious condition that may require a woman to have a hysterectomy to remove the uterus. Uterine cancer may also cause vaginal bleeding that is not associated with a woman’s menstrual cycle.

Speak With a Professional

Most of the time, an enlarged uterus isn’t related to a serious medical problem, and may even go away on its own. But it is essential to see a doctor if you experience any of the symptoms we covered. An examination will at least point you in the right direction.

A checkup is especially important if you have a family history of any of the conditions we mentioned. As an enlarged uterus doesn’t always cause symptoms, it is also essential to have regular exams and tests as recommended by your doctor.

Schedule an appointment today for a free consultation. Don’t wait until the issue becomes more severe. The team at Fibroid Treatment Collective is available to answer any questions you have. Consultations are available in-office or over the phone at (866) 479-1523.

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